Unified Substructures for Quarks, Leptons, Bosons, and Spacetime
By Bryant Villeponteau
San Diego, CA 92130
The Standard Model assumes that quarks, leptons, and bosons exist as zero dimensional points without internal structure, but nevertheless differ in species, spin, charge, and mass-energy. The Triad Model, as first proposed here, uses Dynkin diagrams of the gluon’s 3 strong color forces, to generate tetrahedral substructures that can self-assemble into all the known quarks, leptons, and bosons in the Standard Model. The Triad Model also generates 3 classes of boson substructures that are speculative: 1) Twelve Planck scale axions that undergo phase change when large numbers superposition into each gluon type to transform weakly coupling axions into strongly coupling gluons; 2) Both left- and right-handed photons that may explain photon quantum entanglement; and 3) Three flavors of the Higgs bosons that each can form lattices of spacetime, wherein the two highest energy Higgs flavors form the core of black holes while averting black hole singularities.
The Sub-Structure of Space Time